1) “Each day brings new beginnings,”
2) “Decision I must make”
3) “in form and features, face and limb,”
The same initial sounds ‘b’, ‘m’ and ‘f’ are repeated for musical effect.
1) “I know that I will see”.
2) “small small moons of light.”
3) “what would you do, if you were me, To prove that you were you?”
same words/phrases are repeated for a pleasing effect.
1) “Please open up my eyes, dear Lord,”
2) “Help, Lord, to just say “No”
3) “O moon, give me moonlight”
Direct address is made to the dead, plants, animals, birds,
god, absent person or non-living object.
1) “Each day brings new beginnings,”
2) when temptation comes my way,
3) O moon, give me a basketful of moonlight on loan.
The non-living (inanimate / lifeless) thing is given the
human quality / described as human being behave.
1) Twinkle Twinkle little star, ….…… like a diamond in the sky.
2) “I grew so like my brother, That folks go talking me for him”.
The two different objects are directly compared which
have at least one common point.
1) “I am the only one to chose, The road that I will take.”
(road is indirectly compared to decision.)
2) “I can choose to take the road of life,” ( road of success)
3) “ If you do not listen to the sounds of life” ( experience of life)
4) Camel is the ship of desert.
5) life is a dream.
Explanation: There is an implied / indirect comparison between two
1) “please open up my eyes , dear Lord,
That I might clearly see”.
2) “where on the deck my caption lies,
Explanation: The words are not in correct prose order.
The correct prose orders of these lines are—
1) dear Lord, please open up my eyes, That I might see clearly.
2) Where my Caption lies on the deck.
1) “If you do not reached what is safe, the uncertain”
2) “from the city to my village”
3) “I want to light the dark route.”
In a single line the opposite words / ideas are used side by side.
1) “I want to sow seeds of moon, on the sides of the path”.
2) “The ship has weather`d every rack”.
3) “It reached a fearful pitch”.
4) “we got completely mixed”.
Here, the words or ideas are over-stated or exaggerated to create emphasis and humour.
1) “I too want to hear fairy tales, and stories from him”.
2) “fallen cold and dead”.
3) “his lips are pale and still”.
Here, different words of same meaning are used for the sake of force.
1) “I grew so like my brother.”
2) “the folks got talking me for him”.
(folks= his parents, general people)
Here the same word is used for deferent meaning.
1) a little duck say quack quack
2) door closed with a bang.
in these lines the words show sound.
1) “yours is the Earth and everything in it ,
And which is more you’ll be a man, my son ! ”
In this line poet shows his exclamation.
1) How can we live if there are no trees?
2) Is it possible to survive without air?
A question is asked to make an effective statement
1) Soon falls asleep in their earthy bed.
2) Her all smiles stopped together.
The unpleasant idea of death is told in pleasant way.
1) Birds, animals, men, and angles all worship god.
2) She is my friend, my adviser and my inspiration.
Explanation: – Here, ideas are arranged in ascending order.
1) So he swore by the sun, the moon, the stars and the leaves of
2) Angels, men, and animals scared God.
Here, ideas are arranged in descending order.
1) Thank you for defeating me.
2) I am the happiest person in the world, As am single, living lonely.
3) He was so intelligent that he could not get any job.
19) Transferred Epithet
1) The old lady looked down the lonely road.
2) I am living in this darken world.
The adjective is transferred to another nouns.
1) India won the cricket match.
Here, the whole thing (India) is used for the team of cricket.
1) Motion thy rest.
2) talking in their sleep.
3) A child is a father of man.
Here, the two contrasting actions are used in a line.
1) A child is a father of man.
2) Every dog has its days.
Here, the message is conveyed in humorous way.
1) it is not gold…. Is it a sward? (gold = wealth)
2) A child is a father of man. (Used for All children and men in the world)
Here, a world is used to represent a class or category of things.
1) You start dying slowly…. (class 10, poem 2.1)
2) O God forgive me when I whine.
(class 10, poem 4.1, This line is repeated at the end of the stanza.)