Brick by Brick Questions & Answers
• Masonry — stonework
• Durable — able to withstand pressure
• Eco-friendly — environment-friendly materials that prevent air and water pollution
• Refractory — resistant to a process
• Binders — a substance added to a mixture to make all the parts stick together
• Overall — total, complete
• stacked — to prop up/ hold up
Q. 1: Fill in the blanks:
(a) The brick industry in India employs around 15 million workers.
(b) India is the second largest manufacturer of bricks in the world.
(c) Paving bricks are used for footpaths and roads.
(d) A Kiln is a place where bricks are baked.
(e) The process of drying increases the overall strength of raw bricks.
Q. 2: What is a brick?
Ans: A brick is a building material which is used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
Q. 3: What is weathering?
Ans: In the brick-making process, the soil is laid on a levelled ground, cleaned of all impurities and is then left exposed to the weather for a few months. This process of leaving the soil exposed to the weather for a few months is known as weathering.
Q.4: Why are bricks called ‘eco-friendly’ material?
Ans: Bricks are called ‘eco-friendly’ materials because they are energy efficient and hold sunlight throughout the day and release that energy after sunset.
Q. 5: What happens if damp bricks are taken directly for burning?
Ans: If damp bricks are taken directly for burning then, it results in the cracking of the bricks.
Q. 6: How do makers ensure that bricks don’t stick to their moulds?
Ans: Makers use sand to ensure that bricks don’t stick to their moulds.
Q. 7: How is the colour of the bricks established?
Ans: The colour of the bricks is established by the minerals used to make them.
Q. 8: What are the different types of bricks?
Ans: The different types of bricks are:
i. Face Bricks
ii. Common Bricks
iii. Paving Bricks
iv. Fire Bricks
v. Refractory Bricks
Q. 9: Answer the following:
(a) Major brick-producing states in India.
Ans: Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab
(b) Bricks designed to withstand high temperatures.
Ans: Refractory Bricks
(c) What is a pug mill?
Ans: A pug mill is a machine in which clay or other materials are mixed into a plastic state by thoroughly breaking, watering and kneading it.
(d) What is the use of moulds?
Ans: Moulds are used for shaping the bricks.
(e) Which is the most commonly used pattern for assembling the bricks?
Ans: ‘Running bond’
(f) What is ‘course’?
Ans: A row of bricks is called a ‘course’.
Q. 10 Give the antonym:
c. increased. exteriors
Q. 11. Give the Synonym:
c. contribute to
provide, furnish, donate