2.2 Indian Weavers

Ans: Different types of artisans:

  1. 1 ) Goldsmith 2 ) blacksmith,

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3 ) Weaver. 4 ) Potter

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5 ) Sculpture 6 ) Carpenter.

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7 ) Painter

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Ans:

Types of cloths Need: Season/ occasion
1. woollen clothes

 

2. casual clothes

3. rich silk clothes

4. colourful, comfortable clothes

Winter

 

informal and relaxed occasions

functions and parties

Festival. All season

Ans:

  1. One who plays a game is a: Player
  2. One who sings is a : Singer
  3. One who dances is a : Dancer
  4. One who teaches is a : Teacher
  5. One who cooks is a : Cook

Ans:

It was symbolic. A protest.

  1. Making cloth was a response to mills in Manchester taking cotton from India to make cloth and selling it back to India.
  2. It was a response to the destruction of the Indian cloth industry.

It was a message.

  1. Weaving cloth oneself, introduced the idea of dignity of labour.
  2. Weaving cloth and using only that for ones use meant living within ones means. Not been greedy. The earth has enough for everyone’s need but not one man’s greed.

It was universal.

  1. Everyone could do it. Just as everyone could fast, pray, make salt. Not for Gandhi were hifalutin actions. Simple and powerful, that was his mantra.

Ans: a) Loom b) Tapestry needle c) Warp yarn

Ans: 1) Wool, 2) cotton, 3) rayon, 4) silk, 5) polyester, 6) acrylic

Ans: a) Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.

b) Tailoring: One that makes, repairs, and alters garments such as suits, coats, and dresses.

1. To make (a garment), especially to specific requirements or measurements.

2. To fit or provide (a person) with clothes made to that person’s measurements.

3. To make, alter, or adapt for a particular end or purpose:

c) Knitting: Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments. Knitting may be done by hand or by machine.

d) Embroidering: to decorate cloth or clothing with patterns or pictures consisting of stitches that are sewn directly onto the material:

Ans: 1. Beautiful dress for young one,

2. They weave marriage veils of queen,

3. They weave shroud (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person.

Ans:

Time of the day Words/phrases Weaver’s work
Early morning time Break of the day Weaver’s weave robs for new-born child
Late in the evening Fall of night They weave marriage veils of queen,
Cold night Moonlight chill They weave shroud (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person.

Ans: The weavers weave in the chill moonlight shroud (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person.

Ans: The poet used solemn and still to describe the weavers in the last stanza, because they are waeving (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person.

Ans: Since the advent of the power loom, the handloom industry has been struggling. There are two sides to the struggle — one of the head of the handloom societies and the other of the weavers.
The cost of silk has increased manifold, making the production cost higher than ever before. Power looms are faster than handlooms and they can not only replicate handloom designs, but can also create a larger variety.
While a handloom weaver takes 2-3 days (which can even go up to a week) to weave one sari, a power loom weaver can produce 2-3 saris a day. This is why power loom weavers can deliver customised orders, while handloom weavers find it hard to deal with bulk orders. A weaver earns Rs 500-Rs 3,000 per sari; the larger the wage, the more complex the weaving.

Ans: More government intervention is required to save this industry. The government can provide raw materials at subsidised costs, and help with marketing and sales, since wholesale dealers demand that handloom saris are be sold at power loom rates. Weavers can also be provided insurance schemes, child benefit schemes and long-term benefits, such as pension schemes and bringing back some schemes that addressed some of these benefits that have been phased out.

Ans:

Stanza Activity (done by weavers) Views/Opinion
First stanza Robes for a new-born child The weavers feel happiness, freshness, hope and beauty because they are weaving robs for new-born child.
Second stanza Marriage veils of queen, The weavers feel happiness because it is the adult stage and here the queen is going to marry soon.
Third stanza Shroud (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person. The weavers feel quite sorrowful, grieved and silent, because they are weaving Shroud (cloth put on dead body) for a dead person.

Ans: i) day – gay; ii) wild – chid; iii) night – bright

Ans:

Word Antonym Sentence Synonym Sentence
New Old I was shocked by how old he looked. Advanced India is a advanced country.
bright Dark It was too dark to see much. shiny beautiful shiny hair
dead Doctors kept him alive on a life-support machine. His lifeless body lay on the floor.
still heard a loud noise and ran to the window. It’s so quiet without the kids here.
wild domestic airlines/flights feral dogs/cats
fall rise, My grandfather rises at five every morning to do his exercises. She slipped on the ice.
child She seems very sensible and grown-up. She knows the name of every kid in the school.

Ans:

apparelattire,clothingcostumerydressdudsgarments,  ragsraimentrigriggingthreadswearables

Ans:

Figure of Speech Line
Simile Blue as the wing of a halcyon wild,

 

White as a feather and white as a cloud,

Imagery WEAVERS, weaving at break of day,

 

Why do you weave a garment so gay? . . .
Blue as the wing of a halcyon wild,

Metaphor  
Alliteration WEAVERS, weaving at break of day,

 

Like the plumes of a peacock, purple and green,

Ans: 2nd stanza: aabb; 3rd stanza: aabb

Part 2

Ans: The poem Indian Weaver by Sarojini Naidu consisting three stanzas having four lines each. It is a short poem. The poet talks about three types dresses that Indian weaver weave at three particular time of the day. Metaphorically each time and the dress weaved symbolises a particular stage of life.

The poem has rhyme scheme AABB. The poet uses a number of literary devices to express her ideas like simile, images, metaphor etc. The poem consist of discussion between poet and the weavers; the poet askes the weaver and the latter reply.

Ans: I wonder

Who I might become?

If I wore another man’s clothes

If I thought his thoughts

Dreamed his dreams

Lived his heartache

Felt his insanity

Walked along his razor’s edge…

Ans:

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# Symbol of Indian tradition.

# Natural and Synthetic free.

Ans: Visit to Handloom Factory

Surat is the Best place to visit to understand about traditional Handloom making process which is located in nice environment, down south Gujarat. The well experienced friendly staff will explain about the product in details and the whole journey of the manufacturing process and how it becomes different from the other industries. There we can see a range of designs and colours are on offer; individual and innovative designs, craftsmanship, colour combination. This is a unique opportunity to get to know how this hand loom production take place. Absolutely interesting to see and experience when you are in down south Gujrat or in Maharashtra. Worth place to visit.

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